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Glossary of Marketing Terms

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Customer Relationship Marketing

Customer Relationship Marketing (CRM) is defined as a marketing strategy that allows us to focus on nurturing long-term relationships with customers. CRM helps us understand customer's needs, preferences, experiences, etc. These strategies are mainly curated to enhance customer satisfaction, retention, and business growth.

What is the definition of customer relationship management in marketing?

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) in marketing is referred to as practices or technologies the business uses to manage and improve interactions with potential customers, which involves systematically collecting, analyzing, and utilizing customer data.

From the organization's perspective, this entire relationship consists of collaborating with customers, including the sales teams and service providers, and helps in customer trend analysis.

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How to build customer relationships in marketing?

Building customer relationships includes executing strategies that can foster customer trust. Few are aligned below:

  1. Understanding customer needs
  2. Reward loyalty
  3. Stay in communication
  4. Build trust and transparency
  5. Consistency
  6. Continuous improvement

     1. Understanding customer needs: By understanding customer's pain points and knowing their needs by conducting various surveys, market analysis, and          customer data. And most importantly, listening to customers' needs and preferences.

     2. Reward loyalty: Rewarding loyal customers and appreciating them can also help retain them. Giving them discount cards and vouchers is a few examples of          rewarding loyal customers.

     3. Stay in communication: Staying in touch even after the initial purchase can also benefit the brand, either by emails, letters, or updates related to the discounts          or providing personal recommendations.

      4. Build trust and transparency: Clear communication with the customer and provide them with accurate information about the product or services offering and         pricing policy. And encouraging feedback from the customers and getting a review is also necessary.

     5. Consistency: One of the significant factors in building strong customer relationships should ensure a consistent brand experience across touchpoints and maintain        consistency while sending messages.

     6. Continuous improvement: Improvement is the key to better experiences. Seeking feedback can help a lot of customers with their experiences, and improvements         can be made in the services or product enhancements.

Why is customer relationship management critical in market orientation?

Market orientation is an organizational approach that majorly focuses on identifying and meeting customer needs.

A few reasons why customer relationship management is essential in market orientation are as follows:

  1. Customer satisfaction
  2. Customer retention and loyalty
  3. Customer segmentation
  4. Potential opportunities for cross-selling and upselling

        1. Customer satisfaction: CRM enables businesses to provide personalized and targeted customer experiences.

        2. Customer retention and loyalty: Being proactive while dealing with customer relations can help businesses build long-term relationships with customers.

        3. Customer segmentation: Customer segmentation allows the business to identify and target potential customers and tailor the marketing strategies accordingly,            which allows it to generate an effective response rate.

       4. Potential opportunities for cross-selling and upselling: Customer relationship management provides a hidden insight into the customer, their needs, and           purchase history. This helps the companies to identify opportunities and target customers for cross-selling and upselling.

Compare marketing concept and customer relationship management.

Marketing concepts and customer relationship management are two distinct but quite related approaches.

The comparison between the two:

1. The scope of the marketing concept is broad, which guides the marketing strategies and is organizationally oriented towards the potential customers. In contrast, on     the other hand, customer relationship management is a specific strategy that aims at managing and nurturing customer relationships.

2. The marketing concept is a long-standing philosophy under the timeframe, which is visualized by the marketing practices over the years. Whereas CRM has gained          prominence with the advent of technology and data management systems.

3. The marketing concept can be implemented through various marketing, which include targeting, segmenting, or using the 4 Ps. Nevertheless, customer relationship      management is implemented through CRM systems, such as data analysis and service practices.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of customer relationship marketing?

Customer relationship management comes up with various advantages and disadvantages for any business operating. Here are some of the key advantages and disadvantages:

The advantages of customer relationship marketing are:

  1. Enhanced customer loyalty
  2. Customer retention
  3. Improved customer satisfaction
  4. Cross-selling and upselling opportunities

1. Enhanced customer loyalty: CRM allows businesses to build strength with potential customers and increase loyal customers by getting to know their preferences and    according to which tailored offers can be provided.

2. Customer retention: CRM strategies allow us to manage customers actively and address their pain points and needs by understanding them, which helps in resolving      issues promptly.

3. Improved customer satisfaction: CRM allows businesses to get a better understanding of their customer experiences and expectations and deliver product services     that align with their needs.

4. Cross-selling and upselling opportunities: Opportunities with CRM are wide, which allows them to identify opportunities for cross-selling and upselling to their     existing, loyal customers.

The disadvantages of customer relationship marketing are:

  1. Data management challenges
  2. Deployment challenge
  3. Customer apprehension

1. Data management challenges: CRM relies altogether on accurate and comprehensive customer data for effective implementation via training, and data management,     which may also require putting the customer at the forefront.

2. Deployment challenge: Applying CRM strategies and systems can be complicated and requires sufficient investments in technology, training, and data management.

3. Customer apprehension: Not all customers appreciate CRM initiatives; some may prefer a more traditional or less personalized approach to their interaction with the      business.

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