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Glossary of Marketing Terms

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Guerrilla Marketing

Guerrilla marketing is a creative and unconventional approach to advertising and promotion that seeks to capture the attention and imagination of the public through surprise, innovation, and often, sheer audacity.

What is guerilla marketing?

Guerrilla marketing is a marketing strategy that relies on unconventional, creative, and often surprising techniques to promote a product, service, or brand. It is named after guerrilla warfare, where small, resourceful groups use unconventional tactics to overcome larger, more powerful opponents. Similarly, guerrilla marketing seeks to achieve maximum impact with minimal resources.

Unlike traditional marketing methods that rely on large budgets and mass media, guerrilla marketing leverages the element of surprise and personal engagement to connect with the target audience. It's about thinking outside the box and finding unique ways to stand out in a crowded marketplace.

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What are types of guerrilla marketing?

The types of guerrilla marketing:

  1. Viral marketing
  2. Stealth marketing
  3. Ambient marketing
  4. Event ambush marketing
  5. Experiential marketing
  6. Projection advertising
  7. Grassroots marketing
  8. Astroturfing marketing
  9. Street marketing
  10. Publicity stunts
  1. Viral marketing: Viral marketing aims to create content that people want to share, spreading it rapidly through social media and word-of-mouth. Memorable videos, images, or interactive experiences often go viral.
  2. Stealth marketing: Stealth marketing involves subtly promoting a product or brand without the audience realizing they are being marketed to. It often blurs the line between advertising and reality.
  3. Ambient marketing: Ambient marketing places ads in unexpected and unconventional locations, such as sidewalks, park benches, or public transportation. The goal is to surprise and engage passersby.
  4. Event ambush marketing: This strategy involves capitalizing on a major event, like a concert or sports game, to promote a product or service in a noticeable way, often without official sponsorship.
  5. Experiential marketing: Experiential marketing creates interactive and immersive experiences that require the public to engage with the brand. These experiences leave a memorable impression.
  6. Projection advertising: Projection advertising uses large, captivating projections on buildings or surfaces to deliver a marketing message or create a visual spectacle.
  7. Grassroots marketing: Grassroots marketing relies on low-cost, localized strategies, often involving individuals promoting a brand through personal interactions, flyers, or local events.
  8. Astroturfing marketing: Astroturfing involves creating a deceptive appearance of grassroots support for a product or brand. It may include fake social media profiles or paid endorsements.
  9. Street marketing: Street marketing takes place in public spaces and often uses low-cost methods like posters, art displays, or creative events to engage audiences.
  10. Publicity stunts: Publicity stunts involve attention-grabbing and unconventional actions or events that generate media coverage and public interest.

What is the first step of guerrilla marketing?

The first step in guerrilla marketing is to understand your target audience and the product or service you want to promote. This knowledge guides the selection of the most effective guerrilla marketing tactic for your specific goals.

What are examples of guerrilla marketing?

The examples of guerrilla marketing are:

  1. Bounty's Giant Popsicle: Bounty, a paper towel brand, installed life-sized "messes" throughout the streets of New York, including a gigantic melting popsicle. This unconventional approach effectively advertised the product's ability to clean up messes in a memorable way.
  2. Deadpool's Tinder Profile: In anticipation of the Deadpool movie release, the character was given a Tinder profile. This unique use of a dating app as a promotional tool garnered attention and engagement from users.
  3. Folgers' Manhole Steam Ad: In New York City, Folgers placed an ad on a manhole cover with the message, "Hey city that never sleeps. Wake up," along with an image of a steaming coffee mug. This ambient marketing tactic creatively connected the brand to the city's reputation.

What are benefits of guerrilla marketing?

Various benefits of guerrilla marketing are:

  1. Creativity
  2. Viral potential
  3. Cost-effective
  4. Emotional connection
  5. Memorable experiences
  6. Differentiation
  7. Audience engagement
  8. Brand awareness
  1. Creativity: It encourages marketers to think outside the box and come up with unique and unconventional campaigns, making it fun and engaging for both marketers and audiences.
  2. Viral potential: Shocking or unusual guerrilla campaigns are more likely to go viral, reaching a broader audience through social sharing and word of mouth.
  3. Cost-effective: Guerrilla marketing often relies on low-cost or no-cost methods, making it a budget-friendly option for businesses.
  4. Emotional connection: It aims to evoke emotions in the audience, which can lead to a stronger connection between customers and the brand.
  5. Memorable experiences: Guerrilla marketing campaigns have the potential to create memorable experiences for customers, leaving a lasting impression.
  6. Differentiation: It helps brands stand out in a crowded market by using unconventional tactics that catch people off guard.
  7. Audience engagement: Guerrilla marketing often encourages audience participation and interaction, fostering a sense of involvement.
  8. Brand awareness: The surprise element of guerrilla marketing can generate buzz and increase brand awareness.

What makes guerrilla marketing campaigns successful?

The guerrilla marketing campaigns are successful because:

  1. Cost-effective
  2. Alignment with brand identity
  3. Measurable results
  4. Resonance with target audience
  5. Timing and location
  6. Ethical considerations
  1. Cost-effective: Guerrilla marketing is typically budget-friendly, allowing brands to achieve significant impact without massive financial investments.
  2. Alignment with brand identity: Successful campaigns align with the brand's values and messaging, ensuring consistency in the audience's perception.
  3. Measurable results: While guerrilla marketing can be unpredictable, successful campaigns incorporate methods to track and measure their impact.
  4. Resonance with target audience: The campaign must resonate with the specific demographics and interests of the target audience.
  5. Timing and location: Choosing the right time and place for the campaign is crucial to avoid legal issues and maximize visibility.
  6. Ethical considerations: While pushing boundaries is a hallmark of guerrilla marketing, campaigns should avoid crossing ethical lines or causing harm.

What are disadvantages of guerrilla marketing?

The disadvantages of guerrilla marketing are:

  1. Unpredictable outcomes
  2. Potential for controversy
  3. Difficult to measure results
  4. Ethical concerns
  5. Limited scale
  6. Resource intensive
  7. Risk of legal Issues
  8. Negative public perception
  9. Short-term impact
  1. Unpredictable outcomes: Due to its unconventional nature, guerrilla marketing campaigns can be unpredictable, making it challenging to gauge how the public will respond in advance.
  2. Potential for controversy: Some guerrilla marketing tactics can be controversial and may lead to negative attention or backlash, damaging the brand's reputation.
  3. Difficult to measure results: Measuring the success of guerrilla marketing campaigns can be challenging, as they may not always provide clear and quantifiable metrics.
  4. Ethical concerns: Pushing boundaries and using shock tactics can sometimes cross ethical lines, causing harm or offense to individuals or groups.
  5. Limited scale: Guerrilla marketing is often most effective on a local or small-scale level, limiting its reach compared to more traditional marketing methods.
  6. Resource intensive: While guerrilla marketing can be cost-effective, it can also require significant time, effort, and creativity to execute successfully.
  7. Risk of legal Issues: Some guerrilla marketing tactics may skirt legal boundaries, potentially leading to lawsuits or fines.
  8. Negative public perception: Not all consumers appreciate guerrilla marketing, and some may view it as intrusive or annoying, which could harm a brand's image.
  9. Short-term impact: Guerrilla marketing campaigns often create short-term buzz but may not lead to sustained brand awareness or customer loyalty.

Is guerrilla marketing legal?

Yes, guerrilla marketing is legal. While some guerrilla marketing tactics may push the boundaries of what is considered ethical or acceptable, they generally do not violate any laws. However, it's essential for businesses and marketers to be aware of potential legal issues and to ensure that their campaigns comply with local regulations.

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